Although a lot of people now access the census on line, and never on microfilm, census references continue to be extremely useful

Although a lot of people now access the census on line, and never on microfilm, census references continue to be extremely useful

11. The nationwide Archives recommendations for censuses

Search machines on web sites differ, and additionally they may also alter with time, however the National that is original archives never change. When you yourself have a complete guide, you should use it to get a typical page on or on, even though you have acquired it from an alternate website, or from various other supply. It is specially of good use whenever an individual may be located utilizing a true title search using one web web site, however on another, because of variations in transcription.

You could find census sources quoted in publications and articles, and you’ll should also understand how to utilize them if you’re consulting our online and street that is hard-copy (see area 4.2).

A census guide has three primary elements; a division (letter) rule, a set quantity, and a piece quantity. The division and show codes for every single census are year:

  • 1841 and 1851: HO 107
  • 1861: RG 9
  • 1871: RG 10
  • 1881: RG 11
  • 1891: RG 12
  • 1901: RG 13
  • 1911: RG 14

A piece may include a huge selection of pages, so additional information is needed to get the right destination within a piece. The census returns for the majority of years have a solitary format, but you can find somewhat various plans for 1841 and 1911.

Census returns from 1851 to 1901

The extra refererence is a folio quantity and (optionally) a full page quantity.

Each piece contains enumeration that is several with numbered pages. Later on, folio figures had been stamped on top right corner of each and every page that is right-hand beginning at the beginning of the piece and continuing through all of the enumeration publications. Each folio represents the page where it appears and the following page since folio numbers appear only on alternate pages. Therefore a string, piece and folio guide allows you to find the appropriate set of pages but a web page quantity may be included with the guide to recognize a solitary web page, if needed, like in this instance through the 1891 census:

The nationwide Archives guide with this web web page, through the 1891 census, is RG 12/1822, Folio 156, Page 5.

Both and provide a precise guide search center for every single census year.

The 1841 census

Each piece in 1841 is further divided in to books, therefore a complete reference needs to add a novel quantity following the piece quantity, as an example HO 107/1298/8. Each guide then contains its very own variety of folio numbers.

The 1911 census

For the time that is first home schedules had been kept, in the place of being copied into enumeration publications. Each piece represents an enumeration region, and in the place of folio figures, each household features a schedule that is unique into the top right-hand corner, in order for a guide should be in the format RG 14/26288 Sch 227.

Organizations and vessels would not have routine figures, rather the information ended up being recorded straight into unique enumeration books with numbered pages, as with past census years.

12. Censuses for Scotland and Ireland

Scotland, 1841-1911

Search and see the census returns for Scotland from 1841 to 1911 at Scotlandspeople (Ј).

Census returns for Scotland are nearly identical in structure to those for England and Wales, with the exception of 1911, whenever likewise detailed information ended up being gathered but had been then copied into enumeration publications like in past years, so are there no home schedules or enumerators’ summary books.

Indexes towards the Scottish censuses 1841-1901 may also be available on (Ј) and (Ј). Neither of the indexes has links to images that are digitised.

Unfortuitously, few 19th-century census that is irish have actually survived; many had been lost once the Public Record workplace had been damaged when you look at the fire in the Four Courts in Dublin 1922. Just the 1901 and 1911 censuses survived, along side a rather tiny wide range of previous comes back. View digitised and indexed images regarding the Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51 (including Ireland that is northern the National Archives of Ireland site.

13. Uk colonies and protectorates

Censuses had been additionally drawn in numerous colonies that are british exactly the same times such as the uk. Surviving documents among these will generally be located into the national nation of beginning, rather than within the National Archives. The exceptions that are only this are:

  • Census of settlers and convicts in brand brand brand New Southern Wales and Tasmania 1828 in HO 10/21-27. These papers could be installed totally free as Digital microfilm. a name-indexed variation is additionally online at ( Ј )
  • Census of Surinam 1811 in CO 278/15-25. A number of the documents are in English, nevertheless the bulk have been in Dutch
  • Census (associated with the population that is white) of Barbados 1715 in CO 28/16
  • Census of Sierra Leone: ‘population and liberated Africans’ 1831 in CO 267/111
  • Census of Heligoland 1881 in CO 122/37

14. Other useful online resources

Access census street indexes inside our online Archive. These are archived pages that are no longer edited or updated as with all content in the UK Government Web Archive.

Learn about the fire that destroyed the 1931 Census for England and Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of guy. the Your Archives pages now held in britain Government internet Archive.

Browse Vision of Britain for reports centered on information from censuses as much as 1971, or seek out census information associated with a city or region

Consult The on line Historical Population Reports for online use of the population that is complete for Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1937 and substantial history information, including samples of documents.

15. Further reading

Use our collection catalogue to get a recommended book list. The publications are typical obtainable in The National Archives’ guide library. You may manage to see them in a neighborhood library.

Go to the nationwide Archives’ bookshop for a selection of magazines relating to census documents.

Search our blog sites for articles associated with the census.

Watch the movie Census records: an introduction, by Audrey Collins.

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